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Hi I’m Nick the Nurse. Today we are going to be talking about some risk factors and causes associated with Angina Pectoris, which often comes up on nursing school exams and on the NCLEX itself, and it might come up also in your clinical nursing practice. One of the big risk factors for angina pectoris is smoking because smoking causes vasoconstriction. Another big risk factor is vasospasms, as well as hyperlipidemia or high cholesterol. Aortic stenosis is also a very big risk factor for angina pectoris, as is mitral valve disease. Hypertension, particularly uncontrolled hypertension, is also a very big risk factor cause for developing angina pectoris. Hypotension, also to a certain extent, as well as diabetes for the damage that it does to the blood vessels in the body. Coronary artery spasms as well as cocaine use, cocaine a potent vasoconstrictor, can also cause this. Cardiomyopathy can be caused by acute or chronic cocaine use in the long haul. Acute or chronic stress can also contribute to angina, as can thromboembolism, alcohol use, particularly alcoholism, obesity, as well as arterio and atherosclerosis, the hardening and narrowing of the lumens of the arteries of the body. If you understand that these are the major risk factors and causes for angina pectoris, you will be well on your way to working on care plans, acing your nursing school exams, doing well on the NCLEX, and doing well in your clinical practice. I’m Nick the nurse, well see you next time.